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E: Staff-determined <<>> Services-determined <<>>

At the basic
practice level, the protection of children is accomplished through the
allocation of resources, including the provision of services either by workers
from appropriate departments or by workers from outside agencies identified to
provide specific services. Emphasis is on having sufficient trained workers
available, either internally or externally, to follow relevant procedures in
relation to the services to which the child is assigned. Child protection is
staff-centered, assuring trained workers are available to provide procedurally
defined services.

An example of a
procedurally defined service is administering a complete “risk assessment” for
every family “assigned” for investigation after initial screening. The complete
service is delivered with no further regard to whether the assessment is
needed. The worker is not permitted to abbreviate, expand, or modify the
process once it has been initiated.

At the
intermediate practice level, emphasis expands to incorporate the availability
of the specific services needed to adequately serve each child. The criterion
is delivering the right service at the right time to the right child.

The perspective
expands from the staff delivering the services to the services being delivered
in relation to individual children and their needs. The goal is developing an
array of services that can be mixed, modified, and blended in highly
individualized ways. Services need to fit the needs of individual children.
Additional services need to be quickly accessible when children require
atypical services or services only rarely needed.

At the advanced
practice level, practice expands to incorporate intervention protocols. These
protocols are based on best practices, given the individual situation,
condition, and circumstances of the child being served. The protocols evolve over
time as research and theory development proceed and knowledge and understanding

How it works:

At the basic
practice level, emphasis is on assuring there are sufficient trained workers to
deliver prescribed services. At the intermediate level, the emphasis expands to
incorporate assurance the services array is responsive to the needs and
interests of the individual children being served. At the advanced practice
level, this assurance is then integrated with protocols based on and
incorporate best practice.

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