TOC Next Previous

C: Bureaucracy <<>> Empowerment <<>> Professional

At the basic
practice level, bureaucratic structures develop to implement procedures. Within
all but the smallest agencies, the range and volume of procedures require
specialization in order for workers to have sufficient familiarity and
understanding of a procedure area to permit adequate implementation of the
applicable procedures. Efficient practice requires compartmentalization of
roles and functions.

At the
intermediate level, achieving expected outcomes depends, in part, on the
creativity of workers and on their capacity to continuously invent. Compartmentalization
of their behavior and actions is, at times, counterproductive. Empowerment to
go outside the bureaucratic constraints is integral to the creative processes
supporting continuous invention.

At the advanced
practice level, empowerment expands to incorporate professional judgment. Familiarity
with, understanding of, and adherence to best practice are expected. Workers
may not base their practice on personal experience, beliefs, values, opinions,
and idiosyncrasies. Rather, they need to base their practice on generally
accepted theory and research, informed by their professional experience and
that of professional colleagues.

How it works:

compartmentalization enables workers to develop adequate familiarity with the
extensive procedures regulating their practice area. To facilitate continuous
invention, workers are empowered to practice beyond the compartmental limits
when necessary to achieve expected outcomes for children. This empowerment is
constrained and guided by best practice-based professional judgment.

TOC Next Previous

Please send comments or questions to Gary A. Crow, Ph.D. || and visit